## Verbal

 Question 1

Ten freiends planned to share equally the cost of buying a gift for their teacher. When two of them decided not to contribute, each of the other friends had to pay Rs 150 more. The cost of the gift was Rs. _____.

 A 12000 B 666 C 3000 D 6000
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2019
Question 1 Explanation:
Total no. of friends = 10
When two people are not going to contribute then remaining friends have to pay Rs 150 more.
Two friends contribution = 150 × 8 = 1200
One friend contribution = 600
Ten friends contribution = 6000
Cost of the Gift = 6000
 Question 2

The expenditure on the project _____ as follows; equipment Rs.20 lakhs, salaries Rs.12 lakhs, and contingency Rs.3 lakhs.

 A break down B break C breaks down D breaks
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2019
Question 2 Explanation:
Breaks down means separated (or) classify the thing into smaller parts.
 Question 3

The search engine's business model _____ around the fulcrum of trust.

 A bursts B revolves C sinks D plays
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2019
Question 3 Explanation:
revolves: Treat as the most important element.
 Question 4
A court is to a judge as _____ is to a teacher.
 A a syllabus B a student C a punishment D a school
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2019
Question 4 Explanation:
A court is to a judge as a school is to a teacher.
 Question 5

The police arrested four criminals - P, Q, R and S. The criminals knew each other. They made the following statements:

```P says "Q committed the crime."
Q says "S committed the crime."
R says "I did not do it."
S says "What Q said about me is false."
```

Assume only one of the arrested four committed the crime and only one of the statements made above is true. Who committed the crime?

 A P B Q C R D S
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2019
Question 5 Explanation:
⇒ I true: 'Q' is Criminal
II, III, IV are false.
II is false: 'S' is not criminal.
IV is also false: 'S' committed crime.
There is conflict among I, IV now as P, S both should be criminals.
⇒ II true: 'S' is criminal.
I, III, IV are false.
IV is false. So, 'S' is not criminal.
III is false. So. 'R' is criminal.
There is conflict among II, III as S, R both should be criminal.
III is true: Criminal ≠ R.
I, II, IV are false.
I is false. So, 'Q' is also not criminal.
II is false. So, 'S' is not criminal.
IV is false. So, 'S' is not criminal.
Q, R, S are not criminals. So, 'P' is criminal.
IV is true: I, II, III are false.
II is false. So, 'S' is not criminal.
IV is true. So, 'S' is criminal.
I is false. So, 'Q' is not criminal.
III is false. So, 'R' is criminal.
There is conflict, as R, S both should be criminals.
 Question 6

"A recent High Court judgement has sought to dispel the idea of begging as a disease — which leads to its stigmatization and criminalization — and to regard it as a symptom. The underlying disease is the failure of the state to protect citizens who fall through the social security net."

Which of the following statements can be inferred from the given passage?

 A Beggars are created because of the lack of social welfare schemes B Beggars are lazy people who beg because they are unwilling to work C Begging is an offence that has to be dealt with firmly D Begging has to be banned because it adversely affects the welfare of the state
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2019
Question 6 Explanation:
Beggars are created because of the lack of social welfare scheme.
The court is judged that because of failure of the state to protect citizens through social security schemes beggars are created.
 Question 7
Goods and Services Tax (GST) is an indirect tax introduced in India in 2017 that is imposed on the supply of goods and services, and it subsumes all indirect taxes except few. It is a destination-based tax imposed on goods and services used, and it is not imposed at the point of origin from where goods come. GST also has a few components specific to state governments, central government and Union Territories (UTs). Which one of the following statements can be inferred from the given passage?
 A GST includes all indirect taxes. B GST is imposed at the point of usage of goods and services. C GST does not have a component specific to UT. D GST is imposed on the production of goods and services.
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2020
Question 7 Explanation:
GST is imposed at the point of usage of goods and services.
 Question 8
Select the word that fits the analogy: Cook : Cook :: Fly : _____
 A Flyer B Flying C Flew D Flighter
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2020
Question 8 Explanation:
Cook-cook - Noun-verb relation
Fly-Flyer
 Question 9
The drawn of the 21st century witnessed the melting glaciers oscillating between giving too much and too little to billions of people who depend on them for fresh water. The UN climate report estimates that without deep cuts to man-made emissions, at least 30% of the northern hemisphere’s surface permafrost could melt by the end of the century. Given this situation of imminent global exodus of billions of people displaced by rising seas, nation-states need to rethink their carbon footprint for political concerns, if not for environmental ones. Which one of the following statements can be inferred from the given passage>
 A Nation-states are responsible for providing fresh water to billions of people. B Billions of people are affected by melting glaciers. C Nation-states do not have environmental concerns. D Billions of people are responsible for man-made emissions.
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2020
Question 9 Explanation:
Billions of people are affected by melting glaciers.
 Question 10
Raman is confident of speaking English _____ six months as he has been practising regularly_____the last three weeks.
 A for, in B during, for C for, since D within, for
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2020
 Question 11
His knowledge of the subject was excellent but his classroom performance was ______.
 A good B praiseworthy C extremely poor D desirable
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2020
Question 11 Explanation:
A Contrast is indicated in the above sentence
 Question 12

“From where are they bringing their books? __________ bringing __________ books from __________.”

The words that best fill the blanks in the above sentence are
 A Their, they’re, there B They’re, their, there C There, their, they’re D They’re, there, there
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2018
Question 12 Explanation:
 Question 13

"A _______ investigation can sometimes yield new facts, but typically organized ones are more successful."

The word that best fills the blank in the above sentence is

 A meandering B timely C consistent D systematic
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2018
Question 13 Explanation:
Meandering means "Proceeding in a convoluted way (or) undirected fashion".
 Question 14

After RajendraChola returned from his voyage to Indonesia, he _________ to visit the temple in Thanjavur.

 A was wishing B is wishing C wished D had wished
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2017 set-01
Question 14 Explanation:
When the main clause is in the past or past perfect tense, the subordinate clause must be in the past or past perfect tense.
After Rajendrachola returned from his voyage to Indonesia, he wished to visit the temple in Tanjavur.
 Question 15

Research in the workplace reveals that people work for many reason __________.

 A money beside B beside money C money besides D besides money
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2017 set-01
Question 15 Explanation:
Besides is an adverb (or) preposition and it is a preposition it means in addition to apart from as an adverb it means furthermore (or) as well.
Here we are using besides preposition "in addition to".
 Question 16

“The hold of the nationalist imagination on our colonial past is such that anything inadequately or improperly nationalist is just not history.”

Which of the following statements best reflects the author’s opinion?

 A Nationalists are highly imaginative. B History is viewed through the filter of nationalism. C Our colonial past never happened. D Nationalism has to be both adequately and properly imagined.
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2017 set-01
Question 16 Explanation:
The author is explaining about the colonial past.
That represents the history of nationalism.
 Question 17

Choose the option with words that are not synonyms.

 A aversion, dislike B luminous, radiant C plunder, loot D yielding, resistant
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2017(set-02)
Question 17 Explanation:
Yeilding means produce (or) provide (a natural, agricultural or industrial product).
Resistant means offering a resistance to something or someone.
 Question 18

Saturn is __________ to be seen on a clear night with the naked eye.

 A enough bright B bright enough C as enough bright D bright as enough
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2017(set-02)
Question 18 Explanation:
In this question enough is used with bright, where bright is an adjective.
So, here we use bright enough to complete the sentence.
 Question 19

“We lived in a culture that denied any merit to literary works, considering them important only when they are handmaidens to something seemingly more urgent – namely ideology. This was a country where all gestures, even the most private, were interpreted in political terms.”

The author’s belief that ideology is not as important as literature is revealed by the word:

 A ‘culture’ B ‘seemingly’ C ‘urgent’ D ‘political’
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2017(set-02)
Question 19 Explanation:
Seemingly means that "according to the facts as one knows them" as far as one knows.
(or)
As to give the impression of having a certain quality.
 Question 20

Out of the following four sentences, select the most suitable sentence with respect to grammar and usage.

 A I will not leave the place until the minister does not meet me. B I will not leave the place until the minister doesn’t meet me. C I will not leave the place until the minister meet me. D I will not leave the place until the minister meets me.
Aptitude       Verbal       2016 set-01
Question 20 Explanation:
In option A and B, 'not' is already embedded until so both are incorrect.
Minister is a singular person, with a singular object, so verb ends with 's'. So option C is incorrect.
Option 'D' is correct.
 Question 21

A rewording of something written or spoken is a ______________.

Aptitude       verbal       2016 set-01
Question 21 Explanation:
Paraphase means that "express the meaning of (something written or spoken) using different words.
 Question 22

Archimedes said, “Give me a lever long enough and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I will move the world.”

The sentence above is an example of a ___________ statement.

 A figurative B collateral C literal D figurine
Aptitude       verbal       2016 set-01
Question 22 Explanation:
Figurative means that "departing from a literal use of words"; Metaphorical.
The use of the metaphorical words to explain about the thoughts instead of literal use of them.
 Question 23

If ‘relftaga’ means carefree, ‘otaga’ means careful and ‘fertaga’ means careless, which of the following could mean ‘aftercare’?

 A zentaga B tagafer C tagazen D relffer
Aptitude       verbal       2016 set-01
Question 23 Explanation:
relftaga - carefree → (1)
otaga - careful → (2)
fertaga - careless → (3)
From (1) & (2),
taga = care (and it is in the first half of the word)
From (3),
fer = less
Aftercare - tagazen
Care is in the second half of the word ⇒ taga should be in the first half.
 Question 24

Indian currency notes show the denomination indicated in at least seventeen languages. If this is not an indication of the nation’s diversity, nothing else is.

Which of the following can be logically inferred from the above sentences?

 A India is a country of exactly seventeen languages. B Linguistic pluralism is the only indicator of a nation’s diversity. C Indian currency notes have sufficient space for all the Indian languages. D Linguistic pluralism is strong evidence of India’s diversity.
Aptitude       verbal       2016 set-01
Question 24 Explanation:
Which is inferred from the statement.
Option A, B, C are incorrect which are not properly inferred from the statement.
 Question 25

The man who is now Municipal Commissioner worked as _______________.

 A the security guard at a university B a security guard at the university C a security guard at university D the security guard at the university
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2016 set-2
Question 25 Explanation:
Security guard is a general post, so we use the artical 'a' before the security.
And coming to university it is an organization.
So we use are 'the' before university.
 Question 26

Nobody knows how the Indian cricket team is going to cope with the difficult and seamer-friendly wickets in Australia.

Choose the option which is closest in meaning to the underlined phrase in the above sentence.

 A put up with B put in with C put down to D put up against
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2016 set-2
Question 26 Explanation:
"Put up with" is means that "tolerate" which is the closest meaning of "cope with".
→ Cope with is doesn't means that put someone into competition with some other.
 Question 27

Find the odd one in the following group of words.

mock,   deride,   praise,   jeer
 A mock B deride C praise D jeer
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2016 set-2
Question 27 Explanation:
Mock = Tease or laugh
Deride = express contempts for; ridicule
Jeer = Make rude and mocking remarks
→ These three are negative things
Praise = express warm approval
 Question 28

Computers were invented for performing only high-end useful computations. However, it is no understatement that they have taken over our world today. The internet, for example, is ubiquitous. Many believe that the internet itself is an unintended consequence of the original invention. With the advent of mobile computing on our phones, a whole new dimension is now enabled. One is left wondering if all these developments are good or, more importantly, required.

Which of the statement(s) below is/are logically valid and can be inferred from the above paragraph?

(i) The author believes that computers are not good for us.
(ii) Mobile computers and the internet are both intended inventions.
 A (i) only B (ii) only C both (i) and (ii) D neither (i) nor (ii)
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2016 set-2
Question 28 Explanation:
The author, has no where said that the computers are bad, authoring is talking about the way computers are being used today and the author questioned this way.
So, statement I does not follow.
→ "Many believes that the internet itself is unintended consequence of the original invention.
So, statement II does not follow, so Answer is Option D.
 Question 29

All hill-stations have a lake. Ooty has two lakes.

Which of the statement(s) below is/are logically valid and can be inferred from the above sentences?

(i) Ooty is not a hill-station.
(ii) No hill-station can have more than one lake.

 A (i) only B (ii) only C both (i) and (ii) D neither (i) nor (ii)
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2016 set-2
Question 29 Explanation:
Given,
All hill-stations have a lake → (1)
Ooty has two lakes → (2)
From (1), it cannot be inferred that every place having a lake is a hill station.
⇒ (i) cannot be logically intended.
From (1), it cannot be inferred how many lakes will be there in a hill station.
⇒ (ii) cannot be logically inferred.
 Question 30

Didn’t you buy _________ when you went shopping?

 A any paper B much paper C no paper D a few paper
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2015 (Set-01)
Question 30 Explanation:
In negative sentence we can use "any" with plural countable nouns.
 Question 31

Which of the following combinations is incorrect?

 A Acquiescence – Submission B Wheedle – Roundabout C Flippancy – Lightness D Profligate – Extravagant
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2015 (Set-01)
Question 31 Explanation:
Acceptance = The reluctant acceptance of something without protest
Wheedle = Use endearments (or) flattery to persuade some to do something
Flippancy = Lack of respect (or) seriousness
Profligate = Recklessly extravagant
 Question 32

Which of the following options is the closest in meaning to the sentence below?

She enjoyed herself immensely at the party.

 A She had a terrible time at the party. B She had a horrible time at the party. C She had a terrific time at the party D She had a terrifying time at the party
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2015 (Set-01)
Question 32 Explanation:
The options A, B and D means that she didn't enjoy the party.
→ Horrible and terrible means fearful.
→ Terrific = Wonderful
→ So, C is the Answer.
 Question 33

Select the alternative meaning of the underlined part of the sentence.

The chain snatchers took to their heels when the police party arrived.

 A took shelter in a thick jungle B open indiscriminate fire C took to flight D unconditionally surrendered
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2015 (Set-01)
Question 33 Explanation:
The words took to their heels and took to flight means that runaway.
 Question 34

The given statement is followed by some courses of action. Assuming the statement to be true, decide the correct option.

Statement:

There has been a significant drop in the water level in the lakes supplying water to the city.

Course of action:

(I) The water supply authority should impose a partial cut in supply to tackle the situation.
(II) The government should appeal to all the residents through mass media for minimal use of water.
(III)The government should ban the water supply in lower areas.
 A Statements I and II follow B Statements I and III follow C Statements II and III follow D All statements follow
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2015 (Set-01)
Question 34 Explanation:
The statement III is not correct.
Banning of water in lower areas is not the solution of the problem.
 Question 35
A generic term that include various items of clothing such as a skirt, a pair of trousers and a shirt is
 A fabric B textile C fibre D apparel
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2015 -(Set-2)
Question 35 Explanation:
apparel- clothing, especially outerwear; garments; attire; raiment
 Question 36
Choose the statement where underlined word is used correctly.
 A The industrialist load a personnel jet. B I write my experience in my personnel diary. C All personnel are being given the day off. D Being religious is a personnel aspect.
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2015 -(Set-2)
Question 36 Explanation:
personnel- people employed in an organization or engaged in an organized undertaking such as military service.
 Question 37
We __________________ our friend’s birthday and we ______________ how to make it up to him.
 A Completely forgot - - - don’t just know B Forgot completely - - - don’t just know C Completely forgot - - - just don’t know D Forgot completely - - - just don’t know
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2015 -(Set-2)
Question 37 Explanation:
We compltetely forgot our friend's birthday and we just don't know how to make it up to him.
 Question 38
Out of the following four sentences, select the most suitable sentence with respect to grammar and usage.
 A Since the report lacked needed information, it was of no use to them. B The report was useless to them because there were no needed information in it. C Since the report did not contain the needed information, it was not real useful to them D Since the report lacked needed information, it would not have been useful to them.
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2015 -(Set-2)
Question 38 Explanation:
(B) there was no needed information
(C) not really useful
(D) would not have been
 Question 39
Extreme focus on syllabus and studying for tests has become such a dominant concern of Indian students that they close their minds to anything _____ to the requirements of the exam
 A related B extraneous C outside D useful
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2015(Set-03)
Question 39 Explanation:
extraneous -irrelevant or unrelated to the subject being dealt with.
 Question 40
The Tamil version of ________ John Abraham-starrer Madras café ________ cleared by the Censor Board with no cuts last week but the film’s distributors _________ no takers among the exhibitors for a release in Tamil Nadu _________ this Friday.
 A Mr., was, found, on B a, was, found, at C the, was, found, on D a, being, find at
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2015(Set-03)
Question 40 Explanation:
John-Abraham starrer Madras Café talks about the movie not the person, so Mr. is ruled out. ‘Find no takers’ is not the correct phrase. At this Friday is incorrect. So, option C is correct.
 Question 41
Most experts feel that in spite of possessing all the technical skills required to be a batsman of the highest order, he is unlikely to be so due to lack of requisite temperament. He was guilty of throwing away his wicket several times after working hard to lay a strong foundation. His critics pointed out that until he addressed this problem, success at the highest level will continue to elude him. Which of the statements(s) below is/are logically valid and can be inferred from the above passage?
```(i) He was already a successful batsman at the highest level.
(ii) He has to improve his temperament in order to become a great batsman.
(iii) He failed to make many of his good starts count.
(iv) Improving his technical skills will guarantee success.```
 A (iii) and (iv) B (ii) and (iii) C (i), (ii) and (iii) D (ii) only
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2015(Set-03)
Question 41 Explanation:
Statement (ii) and (iii) are True.
→ He is unlikely due to lack of requisite temperament ------- (ii) is True
→ He was guilty of throwing away his wicket severral times ------- (iii) is True
 Question 42
Alexander turned his attention towards India, since he had conquered Persia. Which one of the statements below is logically valid and can inferred from the above sentence?
 A Alexander would not have turned his attention towards India had he not conquered Persia. B Alexander was not ready to rest on his laurels, and wanted to march to India C Alexander was completely in control of his army and could command it to move towards India D Since Alexander’s kingdom extended to Indian borders after the conquest of Persia, he was keen to move further
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2015(Set-03)
Question 42 Explanation:
Let X be "Alexander turned his attention towards India"
Y be " he had conquered Persia"
Like that
∼X be "Alexander would not have turned his attention towards India"
then
∼Y be "he had not conquered Persis"
 Question 43
Which of the following options is the closest in meaning to the phrase underlined in the sentence below? It is fascinating to see life forms cope with varied environmental conditions.
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2014(Set-01)
Question 43 Explanation:
Cope: Deal effectively with something difficult.
(1) Adopt ⇒ Legally take and bring it up as one's own.
(2) Adapt ⇒ Make suitable for a new use or purpose.
(3) Adept ⇒ Very skilled (or) proficienct at something.
(4) Accept ⇒ Believe (or) come to recognize as valid (or) correct.
Option B is correct.
 Question 44
Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the following sentence. He could not understand the judges awarding her the first prize, because he thought that her performance was quite __________.
 A superb B medium C mediocre D exhilarating
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2014(Set-01)
Question 44 Explanation:
Mediocre ⇒ Average quality (or) Not very good.
 Question 45
In a press meet on the recent scam, the minister said, "The buck stops here". What did the minister convey by the statement?
 A He wants all the money B He will return the money C He will assume final responsibility D He will resist all enquiries
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2014(Set-01)
Question 45 Explanation:
"The buck stops here" means "The responsibility for something cannot (or) should not passed to someone else.
⇒ It represents that this is the final stage of responsibility.
 Question 46
The Palghat Gap (or Palakkad Gap), a region about 30 km wide in the southern part of the Western Ghats in India, is lower than the hilly terrain to its north and south. The exact reasons for the formation of this gap are not clear. It results in the neighbouring regions of Tamil Nadu getting more rainfall from the South West monsoon and the neighbouring regions of Kerala having higher summer temperatures. What can be inferred from this passage?
 A The Palghat gap is caused by high rainfall and high temperatures in southern Tamil Nadu and Kerala B The regions in Tamil Nadu and Kerala that are near the Palghat Gap are low-lying C The low terrain of the Palghat Gap has a significant impact on weather patterns in neighbouring parts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala D Higher summer temperatures result in higher rainfall near the Palghat Gap area
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2014(Set-01)
Question 46 Explanation:
The given passage says that "it results neighbouring regions of Tamilnadu getting more rainfall from the south west monsoon and neighbouring regions of Kerela having higher summer temperatures".
⇒ Option C is suitable option.
 Question 47
Geneticists say that they are very close to confirming the genetic roots of psychiatric illnesses such as depression and schizophrenia, and consequently, that doctors will be able to eradicate these diseases through early identification and gene therapy. On which of the following assumptions does the statement above rely?
 A Strategies are now available for eliminating psychiatric illnesses B Certain psychiatric illnesses have a genetic basis C All human diseases can be traced back to genes and how they are expressed D In the future, genetics will become the only relevant field for identifying psychiatric illnesses
Aptitude       Verbal       GATE 2014(Set-01)
Question 47 Explanation:
The first sentence can represents the two specific illness depression and schizophernia. ⇒ Option B is the only option that contain illness.
 Question 48
Choose the most appropriate phrase from the options given below to complete the following sentence. India is a post-colonial country because
 A It was a former British colony B Indian Information Technology professionals have colonized the world C India does not follow any colonial practices D India has helped other countries gain freedom
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2014 Set -02
Question 48 Explanation:
India is a post-colonial (or) existing after the end of cononial rule.
India is a post-colonial country because "It was a former British colony" that means if a country is called post colonial then it came into existence after the colonies rules and it can become a independent.
 Question 49
Who ___________ was coming to see us this evening?
 A you said B did you say C did you say that D had you said
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2014 Set -02
Question 49 Explanation:
From the given options, option B is make the sentence to be fullfilled.
 Question 50
Match the columns.
```   Column 1          Column 2
2) distort         Q) soak completely
3) saturate        R) use
4) utilize         S) destroy utterly```
 A 1 : S, 2 : P, 3 : Q, 4 : R B 1 : P, 2 : Q, 3 : R, 4 : S C 1 : Q, 2 : R, 3 : S, 4 : P D 1 : S, 2 : P, 3 : R, 4 : Q
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2014 Set -02
Question 50 Explanation:
Distort = misrepresent
Saturate = Soak completely
Utilize = use
 Question 51

The old city of Koenigsberg, which had a German majority population before World War 2, is now called Kaliningrad.  After the events of the war, Kaliningrad is now a Russian territory and has a predominantly Russian population. It is bordered by the Baltic Sea on the north and the countries of Poland to the south and west and Lithuania to the east respectively.  Which of the statements below can be inferred from this passage?

 A Kaliningrad was historically Russian in its ethnic make up B Kaliningrad is a part of Russia despite it not being contiguous with the rest of Russia C Koenigsberg was renamed Kaliningrad, as that was its original Russian name D Poland and Lithuania are on the route from Kaliningrad to the rest of Russia
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2014 Set -02
Question 51 Explanation:
Kaliningrad is a part of Russia despite it not being contiguous with rest of Russia because it is surrounded by countries of Poland in the south and west, Lithuania in the east and Baltic sea on north, and it has a predominantly Russian population.
 Question 52
 A A high proportion of the affected population has returned from neighbouring countries where dengue is prevalent B More cases of dengue are now reported because of an increase in the Municipal Office’s administrative efficiency C Many more cases of dengue are being diagnosed this year since the introduction of a new and effective diagnostic test D The number of people with malarial fever (also contracted from mosquito bites) has increased this year
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2014 Set -02
Question 52 Explanation:
Malarial fever and dengue fever both are contracted from mosquito bites. So as the mosquito population has increased then the number of people suffering from dengue and malarial fever also increased.
 Question 53
While trying to collect an envelope from under the table, Mr. X fell down and was losing consciousness. I                                                              II                                   III                                       IVIV Which one of the above underlined parts of the sentence is NOT appropriate?
 A I B II C III D IV
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2014 Set -03
Question 53 Explanation:
Losing consiousness represents that it is a continuous process of losing the consiousness. It is not appropriate, he just lost the consiousness.
 Question 54
If she _____________ how to calibrate the instrument, she ______________ done the experiment.
 A knows, will have B knew, had C had known, could have D should have known, would have
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2014 Set -03
Question 54 Explanation:

Rule: If + past perfect then result to be perfect conditional (or) perfect continuous condition.
 Question 55
Choose the word that is opposite in meaning to the word “coherent”.
 A sticky B well-connected C rambling D friendly
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2014 Set -03
Question 55 Explanation:
Coherent = logical and consistent
Rambling = lengthy and confused (or) inconsequential
 Question 56
By the beginning of the 20th century, several hypotheses were being proposed, suggesting a paradigm shift in our understanding of the universe. However, the clinching evidence was provided by experimental measurements of the position of a star which was directly behind our sun. Which of the following inference(s) may be drawn from the above passage? (i)Our understanding of the universe changes based on the positions of stars (ii)Paradigm shifts usually occur at the beginning of centuries (iii)Stars are important objects in the universe (iv)Experimental evidence was important in confirming this paradigm shift
 A (i), (ii) and (iv) B (iii) only C (i) and (iv) D (iv) only
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2014 Set -03
Question 56 Explanation:
Paradign shift means a fundamental change in approach to something. This change, as per the question, was verified with the experimental measurements of the position of a star that was behind the sun.
(i) is incorrect as it generalizes the experimental evidence of the star and assumes it to be always true, which may not be the case every time.
(ii) and (iii) is anyway wrong.
 Question 57
Which one of the following options is the closest in meaning to the word given below? Nadir
 A Highest B Lowest C Medium D Integration
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2013
Question 57 Explanation:
Nadir = The lowest (or) most unsuccessful point in a situation.
 Question 58
Complete the sentence: Universalism is to particularism as diffuseness is to _________________
 A specificity B neutrality C generality D adaptation
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2013
Question 58 Explanation:
Universalism = The belief that all human kind will eventually be saved.
Particularism = Exclusive attachment to one's own group, party (or) Nation.
Diffuseness = The spatial property of being spread out over a wide area (or) through a large volume.
Specificity = The quality of belonging (or) relating uniquely to a particular subject.
 Question 59
Were you a bird, you ______________ in the sky.
 A would fly B shall fly C should fly D shall have flown
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2013
Question 59 Explanation:
Were you a bird, you would fly in the sky.
 Question 60
Choose the grammatically INCORRECT sentence:
 A He is of Asian origin. B They belonged to Africa. C She is an European. D They migrated from India to Australia.
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2013
Question 60 Explanation:
"She is an European"
→ We can't use "an" infront of European. It can be pronounced as European. Here E is silent.
→ So, option C is the answer
 Question 61
After several defeats in wars, Robert Bruce went in exile and wanted to commit suicide. Just before committing suicide, he came across a spider attempting tirelessly to have its net. Time and again, the spider failed but that did not deter it to refrain from making attempts. Such attempts by the spider made Bruce curious. Thus, Bruce started observing the near-impossible goal of the spider to have the net. Ultimately, the spider succeeded in having its net despite several failures. Such act of the spider encouraged Bruce not to commit suicide. And then, Bruce went back again and won many a battle, and the rest is history. Which one of the following assertions is best supported by the above information?
 A Failure is the pillar of success. B Honesty is the best policy. C Life begins and ends with adventures. D No adversity justifies giving up hope.
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2013
Question 61 Explanation:
Option A, B, C are not able to given correct sense about the information.
Option D is related to the given information.
 Question 62
Choose the most appropriate alternative from the options given below to complete the following sentence: Despite several ––––––––– the mission succeeded in its attempt to resolve the conflict.
 A attempts B setbacks C meetings D delegations
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2012
Question 62 Explanation:
Setback = a reversal (or) setback in a progress (or) something that happens that delays
Despite several setbacks the mission succeeded in its attempt to resolve the conflict.
 Question 63
 A Diminish B Divulge C Dedicate D Denote
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2012
Question 63 Explanation:
Mitigate = make (something bad) less severe, serious (or) painful
Synonyms = Diminish, alleviate, reduce etc.
 Question 64
Choose the grammatically INCORRECT sentence:
 A They gave us the money back less the service charges of Three Hundred rupees. B This country’s expenditure is not less than that of Bangladesh. C The committee initially asked for a funding of Fifty Lakh rupees, but later settled for a lesser sum. D This country’s expenditure on educational reforms is very less.
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2012
Question 64 Explanation:
The country's expenditure on educational reforms is very less.
In the sentence "very less" is incorrect instead of this we use "much less" or else "very little".
 Question 65
Choose the most appropriate alternative from the options given below to complete the following sentence: Suresh’s dog is the one ––––––––– was hurt in the stampede.
 A that B which C who D whom
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2012
Question 65 Explanation:
Suresh's dog is the one that was hurt in the stampede.
that can refer groups of things.
who can refer to people.
which can introduces a non-essential clause.
whom can refer to object of a verb (or) preposition.
 Question 66

 A Gender-discriminatory B Xenophobic C Not designed to make the post attractive D Not gender-discriminatory
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2012
Question 66 Explanation:
Xenephobic which refers to having (or) showing a dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries.
 Question 67
Choose the most appropriate word(s) from the options given below to complete the following sentence. I contemplated ______________Singapore for my vacation but decided against it.
 A to visit B having to visit C visiting D for a visit
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2011
Question 67 Explanation:
Contemplate is a transitive verb and hence is followed by a gerund Hence the correct usage of contemplate is verb + ing form.
 Question 68
Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the following sentence. If you are trying to make a strong impression on your audience, you cannot do so by being understated, tentative og __________
 A hyperbolic B restrained C argumentative D indifferent
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2011
Question 68 Explanation:
the tone of the sentence clearly indicates a word that is similar to understated is needed for the blank. Alternatively, the word should be antonym of strong (fail to make strong impression). Therefore, the best choice is restrained which means controlled/reserved/timid.
 Question 69
Choose the word from the options given below that is most nearly opposite in meaning to the given word: Amalgamate
 A merge B split C collect D separate
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2011
Question 69 Explanation:
Amalgamate means combine or unite to form one organization of structure. So the best option here is spilt. Separate on the other hand, although a close synonym, it is too general to be the best antonym in the given question while Merge is the synonym; Collect is not related.
 Question 70
Which of the following options is the closest in the meaning to the word below: Inexplicable
 A Incomprehensible B Indelible C Inextricable D Infallible
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2011
Question 70 Explanation:
Inexplicable means not explicable; that cannot be explained, understood, or accounted for. So the best synonym here is incomprehensible.
 Question 71
Few school curricula include a unit on how to deal with bereavement and grief, and ye all students at some point in their lives suffer from losses through death and parting Based on the aboce passage which topic would not be included in a unit on bereavement?
 A how to write a letter of condolence B what emotional stages are passed through in the healing process C what the leading causes of death are D how to give support to a grieving friend
Aptitude       Verbal       Gate 2011
Question 71 Explanation:
The given passage clearly deals with how to deal with bereavement and grief and so after the tragedy occurs and not about precautions. Therefore, irrespective of the causes of death, a school student, rarely gets into details of causes–which is beyond the scope of the context. Rest all the important in dealing with grief.
 Question 72
 A masked B belied C betrayed D suppressed
Aptitude       Verbal       2010
Question 72 Explanation:
Belied - Not appropriate to given
Betrayed - Most appropriate to given (Reveal intentionally)
Suppressed - Irrevalent to given
 Question 73
Which of the following options is closest in meaning to the word Circuitous.
 A cyclic B indirect C confusing D crooked
Aptitude       Verbal       2010
Question 73 Explanation:
Synonyms for Circuitous are indirect, oblique, winding, meandering etc.
 Question 74
Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the following sentence: If we manage to ____________ our natural resources, we would leave a better planet for our children.
 A uphold B restrain C cherish D conserve
Aptitude       Verbal       2010
Question 74 Explanation:
Uphold - cause to remain
Restrain - keep under control
Cherish - befond of
Conserve - protect from harm i.e., keeping safety, loss of destruction
 Question 75
The question below consists of a pair of related words followed by four pairs of words. Select the pair that best expresses the relation in the original pair. Unemployed: Worker
 A fallow: land B unaware: sleeper C wit: jester D renovated: house
Aptitude       Verbal       2010
Question 75 Explanation:
→ A worker who is working is called unemployed.
→ Same as a land which is not used called fallow.
 Question 76
Modern warfare has changed from large scale clashes of armies to suppression of civilian populations. Chemical agents that do their work silently appear to be suited to such warfare; and regretfully, there exist people in military establishments who think that chemical agents are useful tools for their cause. Which of the following statements best sums up the meaning of the above passage:
 A Modern warfare has resulted in civil strife. B Chemical agents are useful in modern warfare. C Use of chemical agents in warfare would be undesirable. D People in military establishments like to use chemical agents in war.
Aptitude       Verbal       2010
Question 76 Explanation:
→ People in military establishments like to use chemical agents in war.
There are 76 questions to complete.